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Dog Attacks and Dangerous Dogs

Advice and information on dog attacks and dangerous dogs.

Prohibited dogs - Dangerous Dogs Act 1991

"The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991; Section 1, prohibits persons from having in their possession or custody dogs belonging to types bred for fighting, these being:

  • The Pitbull type
  • The Japanese Tosa
  • The Dogo Argentino
  • The Fila Brazilero

No person shall:-

  • breed, or breed from, a dog to which this section applies,
  • sell or exchange such a dog or offer, advertise or expose such a dog for sale or exchange;
  • make or offer to make a gift of such a dog or advertise or expose such a dog as a gift;
  • allow such a dog of which he is the owner or of which he is for the time being in charge to be in a public place without being muzzled and kept on a lead; or
  • abandon such a dog of which he is the owner or, being the owner or for the time being in charge of such a dog, allow it to stray.".

Ownership of the above listed types of dog is only permitted where the dog is registered on the index of exempted dogs and is neutered, tattooed and micro-chipped. In addition, these types of dog must also be kept on a lead and muzzled at all times when in a public place.

To report a prohibited breed of dog

  • If you believe that you possibly own, or that someone else possibly owns, a prohibited breed you should contact Essex Police.

It is an offence for any dog to be dangerously out of control in any place - Dangerous Dogs Act 1991

The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 makes it an offence for any dog to be dangerously out of control in any place, including all private property.

If any dog injures a person when it is out of control, the owner may be guilty of an aggravated offence.

Dog attacks on people and the threat of dog attacks from dog owners

To report that you, or your dog, have been attacked or threatened with attack by a dog or its owner

  • If you have suffered injury as a result of being attacked by a dog, you should immediately contact the Essex Police.
  • If you have been in situation where the owner of a dog has threatened to set a dog on you or on your dog and you were therefore fearful of attack, you should immediately contact the Essex Police.

Dog on dog attacks

The term "dog on dog attack" is used when one dog is attacked and injured by another and in general no injuries to a person have taken place.

Action can be taken to deal with a dog on dog attack under the Dogs Act 1871. This piece of legislation can be used by both the Police and Local Authorities, it can also be used in a private prosecution by the owner of a dog which has been attacked .

The Dogs Act 1871 can be applied when a dog on dog attack takes place on either a public place or on private property. Similar to the Dangerous Dogs Act a series of restrictions can be imposed in relation to the dog, however unlike the Dangerous Dogs Act it carries no criminal conviction.

To report a dog on dog attack

If your dog has suffered an attack from another dog you can contact Basildon Council Animal Control for advice, see contact details below.

The Council's Animal Control team records all reported dog related incidents.

Animal Control will often make enquiries with one or more organisations including social housing landlords and the Essex Police when considering what action may be taken.

Further information

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